Most people can not distinguish Quadriplegia vs paraplegia
We usually get confused when we see some on a wheel chair that we begin to question what is going on with him. Does he have a broken leg or he is paralyzed?
Many questions go through our mind but normally people on wheelchair suffer from quadriplegia Vs paraplegia.
Yeah I am thinking the same as you, what does it mean to say quadriplegia or paraplegia, are they the same? He is paralyzed but is there a difference between these two words?
Yes, there is one for sure.
When we were young, we used to think that paralysis is one thing which means the complete loss of the ability of movement and touch and the control of body parts.
In fact the real meaning of paralysis is more complicated than that and has many forms which is different from each other and that is what we gonna discuss but before that we should know what is paralysis and what can cause it?
The meaning of paralysis
Paralysis is the disability of movement which can be permanent or not and it happens when the nerve get damaged in an accident or through an activity that involves dangerous acts. For example, if any person had an injury in his spinal cord, he would not be able to control the movement of his feet.
It is all about the spinal cord and the brain relay system which are a lot alike, so when the spinal cord is damaged, that leads to paralysis as the expected result. These injures can be caused by severe accidents or strokes and other diseases.
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Incomplete Paraplegia or tetraplegia
Most of injures in the spinal cord are not permanent, which means that there is still a connection that sends signal up and down in the cord. If the injury is not complete, you still have a shot to regain your movement and sensation.
Now we get to the things that cause paralysis.
What causes paralysis?
Usually, paralysis’s caused by strokes because strokes can damage the brain badly and cause a malfunction in the brain and shut down its normal flow that connects it with the spinal cord.
According to the statistics, strokes are responsible of 29% of all paralysis accidents and theInjuries in Spinal cord causes 23% of paralysis accidents.
But there are still many causes of paralysis such as defects in birth (2%), brain injuries (4%)Multiple sclerosis (17%) and Neurofibromatosis (4%).
Now, we get to know the difference between quadriplegia Vs paraplegia.
What is the difference between quadriplegic and paraplegic?
Quadriplegia Vs paraplegia : are two different types of paralysis that is caused by severe injuries in the spinal cord.
A severe injury in the spinal cord injury can lead to paralysis and mal function in the brain. Now here is the definition of quadriplegia and paraplegia.
Quadriplegia is a form of paralysis that can happen when the person is hurt by a severe accident that makes him lose his ability of sensation in his feet and arms. Paraplegia is that form of paralysis which is less dangerous than quadriplegia, paraplegia happens when the person loses his sensation in the lower sector of his body but not his arms.
Both forms of paralysis can be permanent or temporary but that depends on the nerves that were damaged by the injury.
Quadriplegia Or Tetraplegia
Quadriplegia is a type of paralysis that affects a patient’s arms and legs. Quadriplegia is also called tetraplegia, is the result of a severe injury by an accident in the spinal cord to the cervical spinal cord.
Patients that have quadriplegia loss the control in their limbs and it may go a lot worse if the injury got the neck. If the injury hit the neck, the patient may loss his control of breathing and that would make his life in danger and makes him need to be on a ventilator for the rest of his life.
There’re many types of injures that can cause quadriplegia such as: Injuries between C1 and C4 l that leads to problems in body functions like breathing and the patient will not be able to move his arms or legs.
This form of paralysis’s more dangerous than paraplegia so the patient with quadriplegia needs full time care.
low injury between C4 and C8 has the opportunity to live independently after rehabilitation in a center
Paraplegia’s that type of paralysis that affects the patient’s lower sector which is less than the quadriplegia. It’s caused by an injury in the spinal cord at the thoracic level. It could be temporary or permanent depend on if the injury in the spinal cord’s complete or not.
Complete injures in the spinal cord cause a paralysis that’ll never be healed butincomplete injuries cause paralysis that can be healed over time. Even incomplete injuries in the spinal cord, the patient may not be able to regain his full use of legs and arms.
This form of paralysis can damage the abdominal muscles. People that are diagnosed with paraplegia might lose the ability to control of their abdominal muscles.
Paraplegia can happen to any person that suffers from an injury in the spinal cord whether it is at the thoracic level or below it. The spine of the human includes four different kinds of vertebrae: thoracic,cervical, lumbar and sacral. The four types of vertebrae can be damaged and lead to paralysis.
Here are some injuries in the spinal cord that could cause paraplegia: Sacral or Lumbar injuries that can cause patients to lose control of their hip flexors along with their legs.
Usually, Injuries between T8 andT1 cause paralysis in the legs and inability to control the abdominal muscle.
Patients who lose control of their abdominal muscles may also experience bowel and bladder dysfunction and impairment of sexual function. Chronic pain, low blood pressure, and an inability to control body temperature are all also symptoms of paraplegia.
After knowing the difference between quadriplegia and paraplegia, you should know that they are both dangerous and these kinds of injuries are severe and requires patience in order to heal from it.